franklin

Benjamin Franklin and the Invention of America

October 17-18, 2008
Herbst Theatre, San Francisco

Listen to audio from this program

How did 13 weak, fragmented, and isolated colonies governed from across the ocean transform themselves into a new kind of society based on pragmatism, optimism, innovation, and cooperation; a society capable not only of defeating a much larger and stronger foe, but also of inventing entirely new forms of self-government that have stood the test of time? Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), during his long and incredibly productive life, epitomized many aspects of the remarkable transformation that eventually led to the establishment of the first modern constitutional state. With his passion for self-improvement and gift for institutional innovation, Franklin constantly reinvented himself: printer’s apprentice, successful Philadelphia printer, storekeeper, bookshop owner, journalist, writer of Poor Richard’s Almanack and the Autobiography, and social entrepreneur and environmentalist 1731-style. Franklin invented the Franklin stove, swim fins, the glass armonica, and bifocals. He tamed lightning with his kite. He was a politician, diplomat, colonial patriot, ambassador to France, president of the Executive Council of Pennsylvania, signer of the Constitution, and author of an anti-slavery treatise. In one person, Benjamin Franklin helped create the American civil society. He was called, by the time of his death at 84, the “harmonious human multitude.”

Moderator: Dee Andrews (Chair of History, CSU East Bay)

Friday, October 17, 2008

8 pm to 10:15 pm

Benjamin Franklin, Social Revolutionist, in Philadelphia, America’s First City
Gary B. Nash (Emeritus, History, UCLA)
Ben Franklin went to Philadelphia at 17, and became an active leader in its social, political, economic, and cultural life for decades. A passion for self-improvement combined with gift for institutional innovation helped lay the foundation for a very successful civil society. He was instrumental in founding a society for sharing knowledge, a community library, a public hospital, a college, a volunteer fire department, and an efficient postal service. These activities, plus his work as a printer, publisher, and author, helped create a civil society that was increasingly self-confident, self-sufficient, and innovative.

GLASS-ICAL MUSICK
Dennis James, Musica Curiosa
A witty survey of the history of the glass music focusing on the development Benjamin Franklin’s 1761 musical instrument invention, the glass armonica. Original 18th and 19th century compositions specifically composed for glass instruments by such composers as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig von Beethoven, Joseph Schmittbaur and many others are interspersed throughout. The slide-illustrated presentation balances music, scientific and historical information.

Saturday, October 18, 2008

10 am to noon and 1:30 to 4 pm

Benjamin Franklin, Scientist
Jessica Riskin (Associate Professor, History, Stanford)
As a scientist and inventor, Franklin always tried to apply knowledge to practical problems and to ensure that society would benefit from the widespread sharing of knowledge. His discoveries related to electricity led to the invention of the lightning rod. His many household inventions improved the quality of life for the masses, while his founding of the American Philosophical Society encouraged collaboration among leading intellectuals. Partly through his efforts, a culture of pragmatism, optimism, and experimentation took deep root in the American colonies. In addition to a brief discussion of the impressive breadth of Franklin’s activities as a scientist and inventor, Professor Riskin will discuss Franklin’s particular approach to natural science and focus largely on his electrical physics: what he considered to count (or not to count) as a good explanation, what sorts of assumptions he made, and how his natural science was deeply connected with his moral thinking and with the contemporary cultural and political context.

Benjamin Franklin, Democrat and Diplomat
Jack N. Rakove (Professor of History, Stanford University and Pulitzer Prize Winner)
Benjamin Franklin became America’s Ambassador to the World. Much of his later life was spent in England and France, defending the interests of the American colonies first from within the structure of the British Empire, and eventually working with Britain’s enemies to win full independence. For many European intellectual and political leaders, Franklin came to personify the spirit of Colonial America: open, direct, confident, persistent, practical, and trustworthy.

Musical Performance
London Quartet (Marin)
Movements from Benjamin Franklin’s Quartet No. 2 in F major for Three Violins and Cello and from W. A. Mozart’s Quartet No.14 In G Major, K.387. Steve Machtinger on viola, Zina Schiff and Oscar Hasbun on violin, and Louella Hasbun on cello.

The Invention of Ben Franklin

Dee Andrews (Professor and Chair, History, CSU East Bay)
This lecture will explore Franklin’s conscious manipulation of his own image through writings like the Autobiography and images in the elite and popular media in America and Europe, including souvenirs and artifacts from his years as a renowned scientist and as a diplomat in France. It will also touch on the growth of his reputation in America long after his death.

Panel Discussion
The moderator will lead a discussion with audience participation welcome.

Presenters

Presenter Information Unavailable

Resource Materials

There is a wealth of excellent material available on Benjamin Franklin, so the problem is really where to start, if your intellectual curiosity about the topic exceeds the limited amount of time you have available for personal research. The PBS Home Video mini-series, Benjamin Franklin (2002, 210 minutes), provides an excellent introduction, and is available from either Amazon or Netflix. Several good biographies have appeared in the last few years, but Edmund Morgan’s Benjamin Franklin (2002, 353 pp.) is probably the most accessible for a general reading public. If you would prefer a more comprehensive, and considerably longer, treatment, then turn to either Walter Isaacson’s Benjamin Franklin: An American Life (2003, 608 pp) or H.W. Brands’ The First American: The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin (2002, 784 pp.). Gordon S. Wood, The Americanization of Benjamin Franklin (2004, 320 pp.), takes a more iconoclastic view of Franklin’s roots as a loyal British subject and a reluctant convert to the colonial cause, more admired abroad than at home until his somewhat belated rediscovery and canonization in the 19th century as the prototypical American. (The Isaacson and Wood books are also available as audio books fromaudible.com, as is a series of lectures by Brands entitled Benjamin Franklin: The Original American.)

Franklin was a popular and prolific writer himself, and his Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin(2003, 160 pp., but available in many other editions) is still considered a classic, although it does not cover the later phases of his life. An excellent way to sample the full breadth of his writing is A Benjamin Franklin Reader (2005, 576 pp.), which was compiled and annotated by Walter Isaacson, and includes the complete Autobiography. (The Autobiography and other Franklin works are also available in audio editions from audible.com.)

Selected Readings
Compiled by Dee Andrews, Andrew Linford, Susan Petrakis, PhD, Jessica Riskin, PhD

Anderson, Douglas. The Radical Enlightenments of Benjamin Franklin (1997)

Brands, H.W. The First American: The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin (2002)

Cohen, I.Bernard. Benjamin Franklin’s Science (1990)

Cohen. Benjamin Franklin: Scientist and Statesman (1975)

Franklin, Benjamin. All Benjamin Franklin’s writing can be found online at franklinpapers.org, a Yale University research project; digital edition funded by Packard Humanities Institute.

Franklin, Benjamin. “A Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and Pain” (1725)

Franklin, Benjamin. Poor Richard’s Almanac (1733 – 1746)

Franklin, Benjamin. Experiments and Observations on Electricity (1754)
Franklin — Collinson, July 11th 1747
Franklin — Collinson, Sept. 1st 1747
Franklin — Collinson, April 29th 1749
Opinions and Conjectures, concerning the Properties and Effects
of the Electrical Matter

Franklin, Benjamin. “Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind, Peopling of Countries, etc.” (1769)

Franklin, Benjamin. “Positions to be Examined, Concerning National Wealth” (1769)

Franklin, Benjamin. “Rules By Which A Great Empire May Be Reduced To A Small One” (1773)

Franklin, Benjamin. “A Plan for Improving the Condition of the Free Blacks” (1790)

Franklin, Benjamin. Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin (1790)

Franklin, Benjamin. The Art of Eating (1958, 2006)

Green, Stuart. Dear Doctor Franklin: E-mails to a Founding Father about Science, Medicine & Technology (2008)

Isaacson, Walter. Benjamin Franklin: An American Life (2003)

Jennings, Francis. Benjamin Franklin: An American Life, Politician (1996)

Lemay, Leo, ed. Reappraising Benjamin Franklin: A Bicentennial Perspective (1993)

Lopez, Claude-Anne. My Life with Benjamin Franklin (2000)

Lopez and Herbet, Eugenia W. The Private Franklin: The Man and His Family (1975)

Middlekauff, Robert. Benjamin Franklin and His Enemies (1996)

Morgan, Edmund. Benjamin Franklin (2002)

Nash, Gary B. The Unknown American Revolution: The Unruly Birth of Democracy and the Struggle to Create America (2005)

Oson, Lester C. Benjamin Franklin’s Vision of American Community: A Study in Rhetorical Iconology (2004)

Rakove, Jack N. Original Meanings: Politics and the Ideas in the Making of the Constitution (1997)

Riskin, Jessica. Science in the Age of Sensibility: The Sentimental Empiricists of the French Enlightenment (2002)

Sappenfield, James A. A Sweet Instruction: Franklin’s Journalism as a Literary Apprenticeship(1973)

Schiff, Stacy. The Great Improvisation: Franklin, France, and the Birth of America (2005)

Smith, Jeffery Alan. Franklin and Bache: Envisioning the Enlightened Republic (1990)

Schiffer, Michael. Draw the Lightning Down: Benjamin Franklin and Electrical Technology in the Age of the Enlightenment (2003)

Tise, Larry, ed. Benjamin Franklin and Women (2000)

Van Doren, Carl, ed. The Letters of Benjamin Franklin and Jane Mecom (1950)

Waldstreicher, David. Runaway America: Franklin, Slavery, and the American Revolution (2004)

Walters, Kerry S. Benjamin Franklin and His Gods (1999)

Wood, Gordon S. The Americanization of Benjamin Franklin (2004)

Wright, Esmond. Franklin of Philadelphia (1986)

DVD and CD

James, Dennis, Emerson String Quartet, Apell, David August von, Eister, Garry, and Faure, Gabriel. Cristal: Glass Music Through The Ages (2002)

Easton, Richard. “Benjamin Franklin” (2006)

Youtube Links

Glass Armonica

Part of the HBO miniseries on John Adams:

Other Websites

franklinpapers.org

Guide to Benjamin Franklin

Teaching Ben Franklin

Ben Franklin 300

pbs.org/benfranklin

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